Saturday, February 26, 2011

Book Review: Best Pratices Trigger Progress

Best Pratices Trigger Progress
Ahmad Syam

Title :Foster Innovation, Accelerate Progress
(Ten Local Government Best Practices 2010 in South Sulawesi)
Writer :Basir Kadir, Ahmad Syam, Milawaty, A.Mattingaragau T.,
Sundari Usman
Publisher:The Fajar Institute of Pro Otonomi (FIPO), Makassar
x+65 pages
September 2010

Does replicating, defined as immitating and copycatting, has negative connotation? It might be true if it relates to goods for sales production. A company which copy other companies’ product without permission can be categorized as committing plagiarism and violating property right. However, replicating also have positive connotation if it is to do with attempting to duplicate and to repetite excellent public service delivery. It is even very important to replicate better and more progressive government program and public policy.

Some aspects should be addressed in replicating public policies are: [i] whether the policies or programs are successfuly implemented; [ii] whether the policies or the program are applicable to the other districts; [iii] whether the districts which is going to replicate best practices public policies has capacity to do so; [iv] those who intend to replicate best practices public policies has to identify suitable approaches and methodologies to do so (Adriana Alberti and Guido Bertucci, 2006).

In order to encourage replicating best practices local government programs, The Fajar Institute of Pro Otonomi (FIPO) has a strong commitment not only to monitor and evaluate districts’ and municipaities’ programs but also to publish the findings. The aim of the publication is to disseminate the information of local government innovative programs. By disseminating information of best practicess program conducting by some districts/municipalities, others can learn and replicate these programs. Three activities showing FIPO’s commitment to encourage information dissemination of local government best pratices programs are as follow.

Firstly, FIPO holds Autonomy Awards program annually. After conducting local government programs evaluation FIPO selects and grants Autonomy Awards for the best performers. Autonomy Awards is a strategic program because FIPO holds ceremony to which all district heads and some agencies head in South Sulawesi get together to “show” their program and to share best practices programs they have.

Secondly, FIPO frequently publishes, every Wednesday, all the best practices at Harian Fajar (Fajar Daily is The Jawa Post group in Makassar). Publication in a media which covers wide range area is an efective way to disseminate best practices for all stakeholders of development, government and people.

Finally, FIPO compiles local government best practice programs in a book and publish it. Book publication enables to ensure that local government programs are documented comprehensively. Foster Innovation, Accelerate Progress, a book compiling 10 local governments’ best practices programs to which FIPO granting Autonomi Awards, has shown the FIPO’s strong commitment to disseminate information to support replication. The best practice programs for 2010 are: From Kampong to Village Silk, Billion Rupiahs for Rain Fed Rice Field (Pangkep); Economic Empowerment through 100 Women KUB (Sinjai); Strengthening Free Education (Gowa); Caring Mother Movement (GSI) (Palopo); One-Stop Shop (Parepare); Integrated Support System for Local People Empowernment (Takalar); E-Procurement (Luwu Utara); Building Renewable Energy (Enrekang); and Free Cigarette Area (Enrekang)

From Kampong to Village Silk is Wajo’s district program to enlarge the area of developing silk industry. Formerly Wajo only has one village as a center of silk production. Nowadays, local government has succesfully broadened the silk area into three villages, namely Nepo, Pajalele and Ujung Baru. The aim of the local government to do this program is to boost silk production.

Billion Rupiahs for rain fed rice field is Pangkep district’s program to solve the problem with paddi field rain system. The local government has set aside Rp9,4 billion to buy agriculture equipments such as hand tractor and water pump.
Sinjai District with Economic Empowerment through 100 Women KUB program is attempting to involve women in the development. 100 bussiness cooperation group (KUB) obtain assistance to run some home industries such as banana chips, cassava chip, squash and syrup.

To impprove the quality of education, Gowa district set strengthening free education program to be more participative and to sustain the program with regulation. The program constitutes increasing local value, supporting participative system and strengthening local government regulation by promulgating local regulation about free education program.

In health category, Caring Mother Movement program in Palopo demonstrates how great the concern of the government to mother. By making Caring Mother Movement program the Palopo Municipality is trying to decrease maternal mortality rate. The impact of the program can be seen from the fall of the mortality rate from 25 people in 2007 to 4 people in 2008 before it reach zero in 2009.

The objective of Parepare Municipality to promote One-stop Shop System is to provide transparent and quick services for the public to process permits. Parepare Municipality, in 2009, does not only expand the number of permits can be processed in the system, from 19 (2008) to 36 types of permits (2009) but also improving the quality of services. This can be seen from the time to process the documents, from 7 days to 4 days.

Takalar district, on the other hand, gives a chance to the people to involve in developing their society by creating Integrated Support System for Local Village People Empowerment. This program encourages people to participate in building infrastructure, such as road and sanitation, for their village. In this program people fund about 60% of the total budget to build infrastructure while local government set aside the rest of the budget.

E-Procurement program in Luwu Utara district is intended to prevent corruption, collusion and nepotism in providing good and services procured by the government. In 2009 Luwu Utara local government even save 11% of the budget or Rp15,2 billion. This is because the tender offer is far bellow government budget for good and services procurement.

Renewable Energy Development Program in Enrekang has significan impact on the society life. The building altenative electricity energy, namely microhydro power plant has decrease the number of family who has not consumed electricity from 5.648 (2005) to 1.347 (2009). Enrekang district, which is widely known as Massenrempulu (Mountainous area), also actively promote free cigarette area. Bone Bone Village Head, part of Enrekang district, has successfully encourage people in the village occupied by 793 people to stop smoking since 2009. Free Cigarette area program currently has been expanded in the other two village as well as some government institutions in Enrekang.

To sum up, this book is expected to enrich the idea of improving government programs, reference on public policy as well as inspire innovative programs in South Sulawesi districts and municipalities so that it can be a way to promote prosperity for people.

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